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Sharjah Government
 
 
 

General

Sharjah is part of the UAE, a federation of seven sheikdoms joined under the guidance of Abu Dhabi’s leader in 1971. Sharjah is ruled by His Highness Dr Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi. All the emirates are headed by hereditary rulers who, together, form the Supreme Council of the UAE. Although the president is officially re-elected by the Supreme Council every five years, the position usually is retained for life. It is accepted that the ruler of Abu Dhabi always heads the federation.

The Government of the Emirate of Sharjah consists of the following establishments:

• Sharjah Commerce & Tourism Development:
• Sharjah Electricity & Water Authority:
• Sharjah Municipality;
• Awqaf General Trust;
• Consultative of Sharjah;
• Department of Culture & Information;
• Directorate of Town Planning & Survey;
• Environment & Protected Areas Authority;
• Sharjah Police;
• Sharjah Radio and Television.

UAE Overview

Country name :
conventional long form: United Arab Emirates
conventional short form: none
local long form: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah
local short form: none
former: Trucial Oman, Trucial States
abbreviation: UAE

Government type :
federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates

Capital :
name: Abu Dhabi
geographic coordinates: 24 28 N, 54 22 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions :
7 emirates (imarat, singular - imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn (Quwayn)

Independence :
2 December 1971 (from the UK)

National holiday :
Independence Day, 2 December (1971)

Constitution :
2 December 1971; made permanent in 1996

Legal system :
based on a dual system of sharia and civil courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage :
none

Executive branch :
chief of state: President KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 3 November 2004), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 4 November 2004); Vice President and Prime Minister MUHAMMAD BIN RASHID al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006)
head of government: Prime Minister and Vice President MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers SAIF bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 11 May 2009) and MANSUR bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 11 May 2009)
cabinet: Council of Ministers is appointed by the president
note: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) composed of the seven emirate rulers; the FSC is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation; meets four times a year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power
elections: president and vice president are elected by the FSC for five-year terms (no term limits) from among the seven FSC members; election was last held 3 November 2009 upon the death of the UAE's Founding Father and first President ZAYID bin Sultan al Nuhayyan (next election NA); prime minister and deputy prime minister are appointed by the president
election results: KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan elected president by a unanimous vote of the FSC; MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum unanimously affirmed vice president after the 2006 death of his brother Sheikh Maktum bin Rashid al-Maktum

Legislative branch:
unicameral Federal National Council (FNC) or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; 20 members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states, 20 members elected to serve two-year terms)
elections: elections for one half of the FNC (the other half remains appointed) held on 18-20 December 2006; the new electoral college - a body of 6,689 Emiratis (including 1,189 women) appointed by the rulers of the seven emirates - were the only eligible voters and candidates; 456 candidates including 65 women ran for 20 contested FNC seats; one female from the Emirate of Abu Dhabi won a seat and 8 women were among the 20 appointed members
note: the FNC reviews legislation but cannot change or veto

Judicial branch :
Union Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)

Political parties and leaders :
none; political parties are not allowed

Political pressure groups and leaders :
NA

International organisation participation :
ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, CAEU, CICA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US :
chief of mission: Ambassador Yousef bin Mani Saeed al-OTAIBA
chancery: 3522 International Court NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 243-2400
fax: [1] (202) 243-2432

Diplomatic representation from the US :
chief of mission: Ambassador Richard G. OLSON, Jr.
embassy: Embassies District, Plot 38 Sector W59-02, Street No. 4, Abu Dhabi
mailing address: P. O. Box 4009, Abu Dhabi
telephone: [971] (2) 414-2200
fax: [971] (2) 414-2603
consulate(s) general: Dubai

Flag description :
three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side

 

 
 


 


 


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